Sculpture by Beth Stichter ‘The Four Humors’
Sanguine : Too much blood - Passionate, Bold,impulsive
Melancholic :Too much black bile - Depressed, anxious, moody Choleric : Too much yellow bile - Irritable, hostile, bitter
Phlegmatic : Too much phlegm - Passive, introverted, rational
The Four Humors is a body of work spanning 2009-2010 which examines the history of scientifically categorizing human behavior, specifically the particular theory of understanding human psychology invented by the Ancient Greeks.
“Essentially, this theory held that the human body was filled with four basic substances, called four humors, which are in balance when a person is healthy. All diseases and disabilities resulted from an excess or deficit of one of these four humors. The four humors were identified as black bile, yellow bile, phlegm, and blood.
When a patient was suffering from a surplus or imbalance of one fluid, then his or her personality and physical health would be affected.”